Archive for June, 2012
a double-braid line with some portion of its outer cover removed to save weight. A Class II or core-dependent double-braid derives all of its strength from the inner core; the outer cover provides no strength, only wear protection.
an initialism for “retired.” This scoring abbreviation is used to indicate that a boat began a race and then retired for some reason. The boat has the maximum points allowed assessed against her when the race is scored using a Low Point System. The maximum points allowed may be different for an individual race than for a race that is part of a series longer than a regatta. See Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 – 2016 Appendix A11. The applicable Notice of Race or Sailing Instructions may also modify the number of points assessed.
a methodology used to select the winner of a race or of a series of races. In a Low Point System, a boat’s score is her finishing place without regard to how many competitors were entered in the race or finished later. The boat with the fewest cumulative points at the end of a race or series of races is the winner. This is one of two scoring systems defined by the Racing Rules of Sailing and is the one predominantly used, unless the applicable Notice of Race or Sailing Instructions identifies another scoring system. The alternative defined scoring method is the Bonus Point System. See also: Cox-Sprague Scoring System and High Point System.
a crew member whose core responsibility is to be an extra hand as needed. A floater may be asked to help repack spinnakers and organize and stow sails below decks. On deck, this crew member works with the foredeck, mast, and pit crew to help hoist and drop sails and may assist with the spinnaker pole during jibes. A floater is selected as much for his or her strength and agility as for his or her sailing ability. This crew member is also known by several other terms, some with more positive connotation than others, including caddy, mid-bow, runner, sewer, sewer rat, squirrel, and sweeper.
the risky maneuver of approaching the start line from windward of the committee-boat-end layline, and squeezing into the space between a boat to leeward (i.e., one that has right-of-way) and the committee boat. If this is done successfully, the barging boat sails into clear air at the start line’s starboard or windward end. It is a risky maneuver because any boat overlapped to leeward (i.e., almost every other boat) has the right-of-way and can sail as high as head-to-wind to squeeze the barging boat out, forcing her to sail to windward of the windward end of the start line and miss the start. There is also the risk that the barging boat will get shut out at the last minute and will be forced into the committee boat. See also: guard mark and Racing Rules of Sailing rule 11.
to sail past the layline on the final approach to an upwind mark, which requires a boat to sail at a wider angle than her close-hauled course to reach the mark. Or, to sail past the layline on the final approach to a downwind mark, which requires a boat to sail a narrower angle than she normally would to reach back to the mark. This is also known as overlaying. See also: fat layline. Compare to: understand and thin layline.
1) The ability to pass a mark to weather and leave it on the required side, without the need to tack. 2) A surface area over which waves are generated by a wind from a constant direction and speed. 3) The length of the fetch area—the effective distance the waves have traversed in open water, from their point of origin to the point where they break. 4) An alternative term for close reaching.