Archive for September, 2012
describes a mast with its middle bowed aft from a straight line between its masthead and heel or deck partners. Usually caused by over fraculating the mast—raking the mast forward—or over-tensioning the runners while sailing downwind to get a deeper draft in the main and to get the spinnaker out from behind the main. Compare to: pre-bend.
an initialism for “disqualification for gross misconduct and not excludable.” The scoring abbreviation used to indicate that a boat showed up for, but is disqualified from a scheduled race under Racing Rules of Sailing rule 90.3(b). The boat has the maximum points allowed assessed against her when the race is scored using a Low Point System, and this race must be included with the boat’s finishes, even if throw-outs are allowed. See Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 – 2016 Appendix A11.
reducing a hoisted sail’s area to improve a boat’s stability and to reduce the risk of injuring crew, capsizing, broaching or damaging sails in a strong wind. For example, the first reef may reduce a main’s sail area by 25 percent, and the second reef may reduce it by 50 percent. See also: de-power and overpowered.
a wind that blows off the water towards shore. May be due to the gradient wind direction, onshore thermal activity or a combination of the two. Any changes to wind speed or direction occur over the land. See also: sea breeze. Compare to: offshore wind.
where the slowest boats are given a sufficient head start and then the faster boats set off in pursuit. The time delay between class starts depends upon the time-on-distance handicap rating for each class. Theoretically, if boats of different classes are sailed by crews of equal ability, then all boats should cross the finish line at the same time. The applicable Sailing Instructions indicate the starting times for each class. As also known as a reverse handicap race.