Posts Tagged ‘rules’

PostHeaderIcon Z Flag Rule

Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rule 30.2 states, “If (International Code) flag Z has been displayed, (4 triangles, yellow, black, blue and red, formed into a square) no part of a boat’s hull, crew or equipment shall be in the triangle formed by the ends of the start line and the first mark during the last minute before her starting signal. If a boat breaks this rule and is identified, she shall receive, without a hearing, a 20% Scoring Penalty calculated as stated in rule 44.3(c).” The Z flag rule imposes a severe penalty on any boat that is on the course-side of the start line for any reason any time during the last minute of the start sequence. Compare to black flag rule and I flag rule.

PostHeaderIcon I Flag Rule

Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rule 30.1 states, “If (International Code) flag I has been displayed (square yellow flag with a black center circle), and any part of a boat’s hull, crew or equipment is on the course side of the start line or one of its extensions during the last minute before her starting signal, she shall thereafter sail from the course side across an extension to the pre-start side before starting.” Dipping the line is inadequate. If a boat is on the course side at any time and for any reason during the last minute of a start sequence (such as being over early), to start properly, she must sail around either end of the line before restarting. Also referred to as the round-an-end rule. Compare to: black flag rule and Z flag rule.

PostHeaderIcon Black Flag Rule

Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rule 30.3 states in part, “If a (solid) black flag has been displayed, no part of a boat’s hull, crew, or equipment shall be in the triangle formed by the ends of the start line and the first mark during the last minute before her starting signal. If a boat breaks this rule and is identified, she shall be disqualified without a hearing….” The black flag rule imposes a severe penalty on any boat that is on the course side of the start line for any reason during the last minute of a start sequence (such as being over early). See also: BFD.

PostHeaderIcon DSQ

an initialism for “disqualified.” The scoring abbreviation used to indicate that a boat showed up for, but is disqualified from, a scheduled race. The boat has the maximum points allowed assessed against her when the race is scored using a Low Point System. The maximum points allowed may be different for an individual race than for a race that is part of a series longer than a regatta. See Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 Appendix A. The applicable Notice of Race or Sailing Instructions may also modify the number of points assessed.

PostHeaderIcon Poor Man’s Twin

flying two jibs simultaneously, one in each slot of a dual-grooved head foil (e.g., Tuff Luff) or with their hanks interleaved. One jib is sheeted to the boom’s aft end; a spinnaker or whisker pole holds out the other. Used for better performance downwind when a boat is too shorthanded to use a spinnaker. An illegal racing configuration. Also referred to as a butterfly. Compare to: double-headed.

PostHeaderIcon Individual Recall

when the line sighter on the race committee boat identifies one or more individual competitors as being on the start line’s course side at the race’s official start (OCS). The race committee displays the International Code Flag “X” (square flag with a blue cross dividing a white field) and sounds a signal—to avoid confusion, it is probably a different sound than is used as the start signal. The X flag remains on display until all identified boats have properly restarted. If the applicable Sailing Instructions allow, the race committee may also notify those competitors who were over early by hailing them or alerting them over the radio. However, competitors are expected to know whether they started correctly. See also: Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rules 29.1. For penalties that are applied for rule violations at the start, see rule 30, Black Flag Rule, I Flag Rule, and Z Flag Rule.

PostHeaderIcon General Recall

a recall that occurs when the race committee is unclear which competitors violated the starting sequence rules, or when there is an error in the starting sequence. The race committee initiates a general recall by displaying the First Substitute (a blue pennant with a smaller, inner yellow triangle)and simultaneously firing two sounds. See Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rule 29.2.

PostHeaderIcon Starting Sequence

the display timing for the various flags and optional sounds used to indicate the countdown to and a race’s start. Typically, a warning flag is displayed at five minutes before a race’s start and, optionally, one sound is sounded. At four minutes, a preparatory flag is displayed and one optional sound is sounded. At one minute before a race’s start, the prep flag is lowered with an optional long sound, and at the race’s start the warning flag is lowered along with the sounding of one optional sound. The starting sequence is specified in Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rule 26 and may be modified by the applicable Sailing Instructions. See also: attention flag, class flag, rolling starts and signal boat. For some special rules that apply only during the starting sequence see: black flag rule, general recall, individual recall, round-an-end rule and z flag rule.


About the author:
Bob Roitblat is an avid sailor, writer and professional speaker. If you have any comments about this blog, or you are interested in having Bob to speak at your club, contact the author here: bob@sailorspeak.com

You may also be interested in Bob’s other blog, At The Helm, that is focused on the owners of small-to-medium sized closely-held businesses.

PostHeaderIcon Protest Flag

a solid red flag displayed immediately by a boat that claims to have been fouled. Also called the “B” or Bravo flag.

PostHeaderIcon DPI

Discretionary penalty imposed. A new scoring initialism that signifies a penalty other than disqualification as allowed under Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 – 2016 rule 64.1. See also: Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 – 2016 Appendix A11.

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