Posts Tagged ‘scoring’

PostHeaderIcon Z Flag Rule

Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rule 30.2 states, “If (International Code) flag Z has been displayed, (4 triangles, yellow, black, blue and red, formed into a square) no part of a boat’s hull, crew or equipment shall be in the triangle formed by the ends of the start line and the first mark during the last minute before her starting signal. If a boat breaks this rule and is identified, she shall receive, without a hearing, a 20% Scoring Penalty calculated as stated in rule 44.3(c).” The Z flag rule imposes a severe penalty on any boat that is on the course-side of the start line for any reason any time during the last minute of the start sequence. Compare to black flag rule and I flag rule.

PostHeaderIcon I Flag Rule

Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rule 30.1 states, “If (International Code) flag I has been displayed (square yellow flag with a black center circle), and any part of a boat’s hull, crew or equipment is on the course side of the start line or one of its extensions during the last minute before her starting signal, she shall thereafter sail from the course side across an extension to the pre-start side before starting.” Dipping the line is inadequate. If a boat is on the course side at any time and for any reason during the last minute of a start sequence (such as being over early), to start properly, she must sail around either end of the line before restarting. Also referred to as the round-an-end rule. Compare to: black flag rule and Z flag rule.

PostHeaderIcon Black Flag Rule

Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 rule 30.3 states in part, “If a (solid) black flag has been displayed, no part of a boat’s hull, crew, or equipment shall be in the triangle formed by the ends of the start line and the first mark during the last minute before her starting signal. If a boat breaks this rule and is identified, she shall be disqualified without a hearing….” The black flag rule imposes a severe penalty on any boat that is on the course side of the start line for any reason during the last minute of a start sequence (such as being over early). See also: BFD.

PostHeaderIcon DSQ

an initialism for “disqualified.” The scoring abbreviation used to indicate that a boat showed up for, but is disqualified from, a scheduled race. The boat has the maximum points allowed assessed against her when the race is scored using a Low Point System. The maximum points allowed may be different for an individual race than for a race that is part of a series longer than a regatta. See Racing Rules of Sailing for 2013 – 2016 Appendix A. The applicable Notice of Race or Sailing Instructions may also modify the number of points assessed.

PostHeaderIcon ORR

Offshore Racing Rule. A measurement-based handicap rating system for offshore cruising and racing boats. The rating is based on a boat’s hull, her rig and weight measurements, her sail inventory, and the results of a velocity prediction program (VPP), a complex computer program that estimates a specific boat’s performance over a range of wind speeds and sailing angles. The Offshore Racing Association (ORA), an alliance of the Chicago Yacht Club, the Cruising Club of America, and the Transpacific Yacht Club, administers the ORR. For more information, browse to http://www.offshorerace.org. See also: corrected time. Compare to: box rule, IRC, level racing, ORC and PHRF.

PostHeaderIcon Corrected Time

the official running time of a race, for a particular boat, after any relevant handicap time-on-distance or time-on-time correction formula has been applied. See also: finish report, IRC, line honors, PHRF and ORR.

PostHeaderIcon ZFP

an initialism for “Z flag penalty.” The scoring abbreviation used to indicate that a boat violated Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 – 2016 Rule 30.2 and has been assessed a 20% scoring penalty. The adjustment may be different for an individual race than for a race that is part of a series longer than a regatta. See Racing Rules of Sailing 2013 – 2016 Appendix A11. The applicable Notice of Race or Sailing Instructions may also modify the number of points assessed. See also: Z flag rule.

PostHeaderIcon Finish Line

an invisible line usually designated as between a pole with a flag on the Race Committee boat and a white buoy that marks the line’s pin end, though other marks may be used. The finish line is theoretically set perpendicular to the last leg of the racecourse. The suggested line length is 5 to 6 times the length of the largest boat in the fleet. See also: favored end.

PostHeaderIcon Code Flags

short for International code flags or signaling flags. A set of flags in different colors and shapes and with various markings that, when used singly or in combination, have different meanings. They also have different meanings when used for racing than they do for fishing or shipping. The flags include 26 square flags that depict the letters of the alphabet, ten numeral pendants, one answering pendant, and three substituters or repeaters. See also: cat-in-the-hat, class flag, prep flag, recalls, and warning flag.

PostHeaderIcon Ttime-on-time Correction

a scoring method that adjusts each competitor’s finish time based on their handicap rating and the total time of the race. The handicap used is the ratio of the potential average speed of each boat to an arbitrary standard boat, and is generally expressed as a multiplier. Boats with a low handicap number owe time to any competitor with a higher handicap. Boats with a high handicap are owed time by any competitor with a lower handicap. See also: IRC, ORC, ORR and PHRF. Compare to time-on-distance correction.

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